nuclear science center & nucs core facility

News & Publications

Researchers and PIs frequently utilize the NSC and NUCS Core Facility for their scholarly research projects.


  • Li, J.; Forseth, L. V.; Goncharov, V. G.; Zhang, H.; Hurlock, M. J.; Guo, X.; and Zhang, Q.; “Synergetic Catalytic Effect in Functionalized HP-MOF System for Boosted Catalytic Performances,” Chem. Eng. J. 2023, 146634, 10.1016/j.cej.2023.146634.
  • Freeze, P. M.; “Attenuation of Arsenic and Soil in Water Using Iron-Enriched Compost,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Washington State University, May 2023.
  • Wren, M. S.; May, I.; Guardincerri, E.; Boswell, M. S.; Herman, S. M.; Warzecha, E. J.; Haney, M. M.; Fotiades, N.; Dale, G. E.; and Hanson, S. K.; “Chemical Separation and Measurement of Platinum Activation Products,” Talanta 2023, 124587, 10.1016/j.talanta.2023.124587.
  • Goncharov, V. G.; Liu; J.; Strzelecki, A.; van Veelen, A.; Bemore, C.; Boukhalfa, H.; White, J. T.; Xu, H.; and Guo, X.; “Energetics of Oxidation and Formation of Uranium Monocarbide,” J. Nucl. Mater. 2023, 10.1016/jnucmat.2023.154446
  • Hall, T. W.; Wang, M.-J.; Sjoden, G. E.; Watrous, M.; and Hines, C.; “Computationally Optimized Irradiation Chamber Design for Production of 135Xe in the Washington State University TRIGA Reactor,” Nucl. Sci. Eng. 2023, 10.1080/00295639.2023.2178227.
  • Chaney, D. Z.; Hirtz, J.; Williams, E.; Minnette, J.; Cureton, W. F.; O’Quinn, E. C.; Zhao, X.; Guo, X.; Matsuoka, T.; Koehler, M.; Sprouster, D.; Lang, M.; “Grain Size Dependence of Thermally Induced Oxidation in Zirconium Carbide,” J. Mater. Sci. 2023, 58(6); 10.1007/s10853-023-08145-8.
  • Culver, D. B.; and Boncella, J. M.; “Intramolecular 1,2 C−H Addition of o-Methyl Groups to Form Unique Ruthenium Pincer Tuck-in Complexes,” ChemCatChem 2023, 15(5), e202201587.
  • Dong, P.; Zhang, X.; Hiscox, W.; Liu, J.; Zamora, J.; Li, X.; Su, M.; Zhang, Q.; Guo, X.; McCloy, J.; and Song, M.-K.; “Toward High-Performance Metal-Organic Framework-Based Quasi-Solid-State Electrolytes: Tunable Structures and Electrochemical Properties,” Adv. Mater. 2023, 35, 2211841, DOI: 10.1002/adma.202211841.


  • Simerl, N.; Beavers, J.; Bahadori, A. A.; and McNeil, W.; “Aerial and Collimated Sensor Radiological Mapping Following Dispersal of Activated Potassium Bromide,” Health Phys. 2022, 123(4), 267 – 277.
  • Horkley, J. J.; Brookhart, J. L.; Cardenas, E. S.; Carney, K. P.; Hines, C.; Houghton, T. P.; Robinson, T. A.; and Watrous, M. G.; “Production of Xenon-135 from Isotropically Enriched Xenon-134 and Xenon-136 Targets,” J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 2022, 331, 5447 – 5452.
  • Hinrichs, K. A.; Perfetti, C. M.; LaMont, S. P.; “SCALE Modeling of Foil Irradiations at WSU’s TRIGA with Sensitivity/Uncertainty Analysis,” J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 2022,
  • Goncharov, V. G.; Liu, J.; van Veelen, A.;  Kriegsman, K.; Benmore, C.; Sun, C.;  Kelly, S.; White, J. T.; Xu, H.;  Guo, X.; “Energetics of Oxidation and Formation of Uranium Mononitride,” J. Nucl. Mater. 2022,
  • Strzelecki, A. C.; Reece, M.; Zhao, X.; Yu, W.; Benmore, C.; Ren, Y.; Alcorn, C.; Migdisov, A.; Xu, H.; Guo, X.; “Crystal Chemistry and Thermodynamics of HREE (Er, Yb) Mixing in a Xenotime Solid Solution,” ACS Earth Space Chem. 2022,
  • Strzelecki, A. C.; Ren, Y.; Chong, S.; Riley, B. J.; Xu, H.; McCloy, J. S.; Guo, X.; “Structure and Thermodynamics of Calcium Rare Earth Silicate Oxyapatites, Ca2RE8(SiO4)6O2 (RE = Pr, Tb, Ho, Tm),” Phys. Chem. Minerals 2022, 49(13),
  • Eiroa-Lledo, C.; Wall, D.E.; Wall, N.A.; “Extraction mechanism of Tc(IV) by Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid (HDEHP)”, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 2022, 331(6), 2751 – 2760.
  • Goncharov, V. G.; Nisbet, H.; Strzelecki, A.; Benmore, C. J.; Migdisov, A.; Xu, H.; Guo, X.; “Energetics of Hydroxylbastnäsite Solid Solutions, La1-xNdxCO3OH,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 2022,
  • Thompson, B. L.; Kieffer, I. A.; Heiden, Z. M.; “Utilization of BODIPY-based Redox Events to Manipulate the Lewis Acidity of Fluorescent Boranes,” Chem. Commun. 2022, 58, 2646 – 2649. Journal Cover.
  • Pradhan, R.;  Groner, V. M.; Gutman, K. L.; Larson, G. E.; Kan, Y.; Zhang, Q.; Heiden, Z. M.; Roll, M. R.; Moberly, J. G.; Waynant, K. V.; “Evaluating Coordinative Binding Mechanisms through Experimental and Computational Studies of Methoxy-Substituted Arylazothioformamide Copper(I) Complexes,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2022, 33,
  • Cui, M., Yang, C., Hwang, S., Yang, M., Overa, S., Dong, Q., Yao, Y., Brozena, A.H., Cullen, D.A., Chi, M., Blum, T.F., Morris, D., Finfrock, Z., Wang, X., Zhang, P., Goncharov, V., Guo, X., Luo, J., Mo, Y., Jiao, F., Hu, L.; “Multi-principal Elemental Intermetallic Nanoparticles Synthesized via a Disorder-to-Order Transition,” Sci. Adv. 2022, 8(4), eabm4322.
  • Nisbet, H., Migdisov, A.A., Goncharov, V., van Hinsberg, Vincent, Williams-Jones, A.E., Xu, H., Guo, X.; “The Solubility and Speciation of Nd in Carbonate-bearing Hydrothermal Fluids up to 250 °C,” Chem. Geo. 2022, 611, 121122.
  •  Strzelecki, A., Migdisov A.A., Boukhalfa, H., Sauer, K., McIntosh, K.G., Currier, R.P., Williams-Jones, A.E., Guo, X.; “Fluocertie as a Precursor to Rare Earth Element Fractionation in Ore-forming Systems,” Nature Geoscience 2022, 15, 327-333.
  • Karcher, S., Mohun, R., Olds, T., Weber, M., Kriegsman, K., Zhao, X., Guo, X., Corkhill, C., Field D., McCloy, J.; “Benefits of Using Multiple Raman Laser Wavelengths for Characterizing Defects in a UO2 Matrix,” J. Raman Spectro. 2022, 53(5), 988-1002.
  • Strzelecki, A.; Xu, H.; Guo, X.; and Zhang, Q.; “Energetic Systematics of Metal–Organic Frameworks: A Case Study of Al(III)-Trimesate MOF Isomers,” Inorg. Chem. 2022, 61(38), 15152–15165.
  • Li, H.; Hurlock, M. J.; Sudduth, B.; Li, J.; Sun, J.; Zhang, Q., and Wang, Y.; “Acetone to Isobutene Conversion on ZnxTiyOz: Effects of TiO2 Facet,” J. Catal. 2022, 410, 236 – 245.
  • Olatunji, F. P; Pun, M.; Herman, J. W; Romero, O.; Maniatopoulos, M.; Latoche, J. D ; Parise, R. A.; Guo, J.; Beumer, J. H.; Anderson, C. J.; et al; “Modular Smart Molecules for PSMA-Targeted Chemotherapy,” Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2022, 21(11), 1701-1709
  • Wu, H.-H.; Pun, M. D.; Wise, C. E.; Streit, B. R.; Mus, F.; Berim, Anna; Kincannon, William M. ; Islam, A.; Partovi, S. E.; Gang, D. R. ; et al; “The Pathway for Coenzyme M Biosynthesis in Bacteria,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2022, 119(36), e2207190119.
  • Pun, M. D.; Wu, H.-H.; Olatunji, F. P.; Kesic, B. N.; Peters, J. W.; Berkman, C. E.; “Phosphorus Containing Analogues of SAHA as Inhibitors of HDACs,” Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry 2022, 37(1), 1315-1319.
  • Ruzicka, J. L.; Pellows, L. M. ; Kallas, H. ; Shulenberger, K. E. ; Zadvornyy, O. A. ; Chica, B. ; Brown, K. A. ; Peters, J. W. ; King, P. W. ; Seefeldt, L. C. ; et al; “The Kinetics of Electron Transfer from CdS Nanorods to the MoFe Protein of Nitrogenase,” J. Phys. Chem. C 2022, 126(19), 8425-8435.
  • Bhattacharjee, A.; and Bose, S.; “Zinc Curcumin Complex on Fluoride Doped Hydroxyapatite with Enhanced Biological Properties for Dental and Orthopedic Applications,” J. Mater. Res. 2022, 37(12), 2009-2020.
  • Bose, S.; Banerjee, D.; Vu, A. A.; “Ginger and Garlic Extracts Enhance Osteogenesis in 3D Printed Calcium Phosphate Bone Scaffolds with Bimodal Pore Distribution,” ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 2022, 14(11), 12964-12975.
  • Wensel, P. C.; Bule, M.; Gao, A.; Pelaez-Samaniego, M. R.; Yu, L.; Hiscox, W.; Helms, G. L.; Davis, W. C.; Kirchhoff, H.; Garcia-Perez, M.; et. al.; “Biorefinery Processing of Waste to Supply Cost-Effective and Sustainable Inputs for Two-Stage Microalgal Cultivation,” Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(3), 1485.
  • Smith, G. E.; Tolkatchev, D.; Risi, C.; Little, M.; Gregorio, C. C.; Galkin, V. E.; and Kostyukova, A. S.; “Ca2+ Attenuates Nucleation Activity of Leiomodin,” Protein Sci. 2022, 31(7), e4358.
  • Richter, J. K.; Gu, B.-J.; Ek, P.; Dey, D.; Saunders, S. R.; Ganjyal, G. M.; “Potential Interactions Between Starch and Fruit Pomace May Impact the Expansion Ratio of Direct Expanded Extrudates,” J. Food Sci. 2022, 87(8), 3513-3527.
  • Martinez, M. J.; Carder, J. D.; Taylor, E. L. ; Jacobo, E. P.; Kang, C.; Brozik, J. A.; “Thermodynamic Driving Forces of Redox-Dependent CPR Insertion into Biomimetic Endoplasmic Reticulum Membranes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 2022, 126(8), 1691-1699.
  • Zhang, B.; Munske, G. R.; Timokhin, V. I.; Ralph, J.; Davydov, D. R.; Vermerris, W.; Sattler, S. E.; Kang, C.; Functional and Structural Insight into the Flexibility of Cytochrome P450 Reductases from Sorghum Bicolor and its Implications for Lignin Composition,” J. Biol. Chem. 2022, 298(4), 101761.
  • Cui, Q.; Pan, T. W.; Shieh, M.; Kelly, S. S.; Xu, S.; Qian, W.-J.; Xian; “Controllable Cycloadditions between 2H-(Thio)pyran-2-(thi)ones and Strained Alkynes: A Click-and-Release Strategy for COS/H2S Generation,” Org. Lett. 2022, 24(40), 7334-7338.
  • Kelly, S. S.; Ni, X.; Yuen, V.; Radford, M. N.; Xian, M.; “C-Nitrosothioformamide: A Donor Template for Dual Release of HNO and H2S,” ChemBioChem 2022, 23(13), e202200101.
  • Xu, S.; Knight, J. R. ; Brummett, B. J.; Shieh, M.; Cui, Q.; Wang, Y.; Ramush, G.; Xian, M.; “Benzothiazole-Derived Sulfones and Sulfoxides as Reactive Templates for Biothiols and Sulfane Sulfurs,” Org. Lett. 2022, 24(13), 2546-2550.
  • Hamsath, A.; Lederberg, O. L.; Cui, Q.; Shieh, M.; Lam, Y.; Brummett, B. J.; Xu, S.; Robinson, J. R.; Xian, M.; “Intramolecular Tetrazine-acryloyl Cycloaddition: Chemistry and Applications,” Chem. Sci. 2022, 13(35), 10336-10341.
  • Jesenovec, J.; Dutton, B. L.; Remple, C.; Smith-Gray, N.; Murugesan, M.; Peterson, C.; Downing, B. K.; Krishnamoorthy, S.; McCluskey, M. D.; McCloy, J. S.; “Alternative Alloy to Increase bandgap in gallium Oxide, β-(ScxGa1-x)2O3, and Rare Earth Stark Luminescence,” J. Crystal Growth (2022), 596, 126823.
  • Balasubramanya, N.; Sun, Z.; Ahmadzadeh, M.; Kamali, S.; Neuville, D. R. ; McCloy, J. S.; Goel, A.; “Impact of Non-Framework Cation Mixing on the Structure and Crystallization Behavior of Model High-Level Waste Glasses,” J. Amer. Cer. Soc. 2022, 105(6), 3967-3985.
  • Jesenovec, J.; Dutton, B.; Stone-Weiss, N.; Chmielewski, A.; Saleh, M.; Peterson, C.; Alem, N.; Krishnamoorthy, S.; McCloy, J. S.; “Alloyed β-(AlxGa1-x)2O3 Bulk Czochralski Single β-(Al0.1Ga0.9)2O3 and Polycrystals β-(Al0.33Ga0.66)2O3, β-(Al0.5Ga0.5)2O3), and Property Trends,” J. Appl. Phys. 2022, 131(15), 155702


  • Zhang, X.; Strzelecki, A.; Cockregam, C.; Goncharov, V.; Li, H.; Sun, J.; Sun, H.; Guo, X.; Xu, H.; Ha, S.; Wang, B.; Wang, Y.; Wu, D.; “Thermodynamics of Molybdenum Trioxide (MoO3) Encapsulated in Zeolite Y,” AIChE Journal 2021, 67(12): e17464. doi:10.1002/aic.1746414.
  • Zhang, X.; Reece, M. E.; Cockreham, C. B.; Sun, H.; Wang, B.; Xu, H.; Sun, J.; Guo, X.; Wang, Y.; Wu, D.; “Formation Energetics and Guest-Host Interactions of Molydenum Carbide Confined in Zeolite Y,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2021, 60(38), 13991 – 14003.
  • Haseman, M.; Somodi, C. B.; Stepanov, P.; Wall, D. E.; Boatner, L. A.; Hosemann, P.; Wang, Y. Q.; Uberuaga, B. P.; Selim, F. A.; “Neutron Irradiation Induced Defects in Oxides and Their Impact on the Oxide Properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 2021, 129, 215901.
  • Li, J.; Hurlock, M. J.; Goncharov, V. G.; Li, X.; Guo, X.; Zhang, Q. “Solvent-Free and Phase-Selective Synthesis of Aluminum Trimesate Metal-Organic Frameworks,” Inorg. Chem. 2021, 60(7), 4623 – 4632.
  • Simerl, N.; Beavers, J.; Milburn, J.; Dodson, M.; Strahler, R.; Kroeger, R.; Ulloa-Garcia, I.; Moosman, B.; Sin, T.; Kagan, J.; Nelson, K.; Paradis, N.; Bahadori, A.; McNeil, W. “Contamination Measurements from Simultaneous Activated Potassium Bromide Radiological Dispersal Devices with a Collimated Vehicular Sensor,” Health Physics 2021, 120(6), 618 – 627.
  • Strzelecki, A. C.; Barral, T.;Estevenon, P.; Mesbah, A.; Goncharov, V.; Baker, J.; Bai, J.; Clavier, N.; Szenknect, S.; Migdisov, A.; Xu, H.; Ewing, R. C.; Dacheux, N.; and Guo, X. “The Role of Water and Hydroxyl Groups in the Structures of Stetindite and Coffinite, MSiO4 (M = Ce, U),” Inorg. Chem. 2021, 60(2), 718 – 735.


  • Louie, C., Morrison, E., Thomas, M.; Arrigo, L.; Seiner, B. Measurement of Distribution Coefficients on TODGA Resin and Development of a Group Separation for Mixed Activation and Fission Product Samples,” J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 2020, 326, 1669 – 1678.
  • Strzelecki, A., Kriegsman, K., Estevenon, P., Goncharov, V., Bai, J., Szenknect, S., Mesbah, A., Wu, D., McCloy, J.S., Dacheux, N., and Guo, X. “High Temperature Thermodynamics of Cerium Silicates, A-Ce2Si2O7 and Ce4.67(SiO4)3O,” ACS Earth and Space Chem. 2020, 4(11), 2129 – 2143.
  • Tokheim, B. G.; Kelly, S. S.; Ronald, R. C.; Nash, K. L. “Synthesis and Characterization of New Unsymmetrical Diglycolamide Extractants for Lanthanide Ion Partitioning: Part One – Straight-chain Alkyl Derivatives,” J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 2020, 326, 789 – 800.
  • Strzelecki, A. C.; Bourgeois, C.; Kriegsman, K. W.; Estevenon, P.; Wei, N.; Szenknect, S.; Mesbah, A.; Wu. D.; Ewing, R. C.; Dacheux, N.; Guo, X. “Thermodynamics of CeSiO4: Implications for Actinide Orthosilicates,” Inorg. Chem. 2020, 59(18), 13174 – 13183.
  • Voskanyan, A. A.; Goncharov, V.; Novendra, N.; Guo, X.; Navrotsky, A.; “Thermodynamics Drives the Stability of MOFs in Water,” ACS Omega 2020, 5(22), 13158 – 13163.
  • Eiroa-Lledo, C.; Wall, D. E.; Wall, N. A. “Thermodynamic Parameters for the Complexation of Tc(IV) with Bromide Under Aqueous Conditions,” Radiochim. Acta 2020, 108(5), 409 – 414.
  • Olds, T. A.; Karcher, S. E.; Kriegsman, K. W.; Guo, X.; McCloy, J. S. “Oxidation and Anion Lattice Defect Signatures of Hypostoichiometric Lanthanide-Doped UO2,” J. Nucl. Matr. 2020, 530, 151959.
  • Hao, L.; Hurlock, M.; Li, X.; Ding, G.; Kriegsman, K. W.; Guo, X.; Zhang, Q. “Efficient Oxidative Desulfurization of Fuel Using a Mesoporous Zr-based MOF,” Catal. Today 2020, 350, 64 – 70.
  • Eiroa-Lledo, Cecilia; Lecrivain, Lindsey; Parker, T. Gannon; Wall, Donald E.; Wall, Nathalie A., “Comparison of ReO4- and TcO4- in Solvent Extraction Systems,” Radiochim. Acta 2020, 108(6), 443 – 449.


  • Nienhuis, E.; Saleh, M.; Marcial, J.; Kriegsman, K.; Lonergan, J.; Lipton, A.; Guo, X.; McCloy, J. S. “Structural Characterization of ZnSO4-K2SO4-NaCl Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 2019, 524, 119639.
  • Deming, D. A.; Hurlock, M.; Li, X.; Kriegsman, K. W.; Ding, G.; Guo, X.; Zhang, Q. “A Facile Method to Introduce Iron Secondary Metal Centers into Metal-organic Frameworks,” J. Organomet. Chem. 2019, 897, 114 – 119.
  • Trummel, V.; Gupta, S. K.; Pokhrel, M.; Wall, D.; Mao, Y. “Investigating the Impact of Gamma Radiation on Structural and Optical Properties of Eu3+ Doped Rare-Earth Hafnate Pyrochlore Nanocrystals,” J. Luminescence 2019, 207, 1 – 13.


New liner for research reactor pool

The tank that holds the state’s only research nuclear reactor will soon be coated with a new, flexible epoxy lining without the reactor ever having to leave its watery home.

January 24, 2022

Celebrating six decades of nuclear research

After more than 60 years of operation, Washington State University’s nuclear reactor continues to play an important role advancing scientific research both in the Pacific Northwest and across the country.

September 9, 2022

Grants fuel research energy

Thanks to a steady influx of grant funding in recent years, Washington State University’s Nuclear Science Center has acquired a raft of state-of-the-art equipment significantly expanding research capabilities.

July 27, 2021

High-resolution X-ray spectrometer coming to Pullman

The WSU Nuclear Science Center, in collaboration with the Department of Chemistry and the School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, will acquire a new high-resolution X-ray spectrometer to perform both X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy.

August 13, 2020